[Medicine name]: magnet[pinyin]: CISHI[English name]: Magnetite[source]: ore of oxide mineral magnetite.

  [Efficacy]: Qianyang is satisfied with Qi and calms the nerves.

  【Indications】: Treatment of dizziness, tinnitus, deafness, asthma, fright, stun.

  [Sexual flavor return classics]: Xin Xian, Ping.

  ① “The Classic”: “Weixin, cold.

“②” Do not record “:” Salty, non-toxic.

“③” Hikako Materia Medica “:” It is sweet and flat.

Into the kidney, liver, and lungs.

  ① “Outline”: “Into the kidney.

“②” Ben Cao Jing Shu “:” Into the foot Shao Yin, and into the foot Jue Yin Meridian. ”

“③” Ben Cao Jing Jing “:” Into the foot Shao Yin kidney meridian, the hand Tai Yin lung meridian.

[Usage and dosage]: Oral administration: Jiantang, 0.

3-1 two; or into pills, scattered.

External use: strengthen or adjust application at the end of the study.

  [Medication should not be appropriate]: ① “Compendium of Materia Medica Notes”: “Bai Hu make it.

Evil peony, wild grass.

Fear of yellowstone.

Kill iron poison.

“②” Compendium of Materia Medica from New “:” Relieve the sorrow and stress, it can be used temporarily but not for a long time. ”

“[Alias]: Xuan Shi (” Ben Jing “), Ci Jun (” Wu Pu Ben Cao “), Ci Shi (” Ben Cao Jing Ji “), Chu Shi (” Bei Lu “), Yuan Wu Shi (” Shi Yaoer”Ya”), Suction Stone (“The Secret of Qiankun Business”), Suction Stone (“Outline”), Li Shi (“Materia Medica”), Sheshi (“Identification of Drug Production”), Iron Stone, Iron Stone (“Journal of Chinese Materia Medica “)”).

  [Prescription name]: Magnet calcined magnet, magnet in the magnet prescription refers to raw magnet.

After removing the soil and gravel for the original medicine, it is broken into pieces or particles and used as medicine.

  Calcined magnet is also known as magnetite.

Set the net magnet on a smokeless stove to make it red, then quickly pour it into vinegar to quench it.

So twice.

Then dry the ground medicine.

  [Brand name]: Spirit magnet: Also known as live magnet.

For the strong iron-absorbing ability.

Better quality.

  Dying magnet: also known as dead magnet.

For the weak iron-absorbing ability.

Inferior quality.

  Magnet: collective name for various magnets.

Iron black, shiny, strong iron absorption is better.

  [Animal and plant resource distribution]: Produced in Jiangsu, Shandong, Liaoning, Guangdong, Anhui, Hebei and other places.

  [Harvest and storage of medicinal materials]: After harvesting, remove the debris and choose the strong iron-absorbing ability (called “living magnet” or “magnet”) for medicine.

After the magnet is stored for a long time, oxidation will occur, and its magnetism will decrease, and even lose its ability to attract iron (called “dead magnet” or “dead magnet”), which affects the efficacy of the magnet, so it should be buried with iron filings or soil.To keep it magnetic.

If it has lost its magnetism, it can be put together with live magnets, and its magnetism can gradually recover.  [Latin name]: Magnetite[Processing method]: Magnet: Remove impurities, smash, and sieve.

Calcined magnets: Take the cleaned magnets, crush them, place them in a crucible, calcinate them in a smokeless furnace, take them out, immediately pour them into a vinegar basin to quench them, mash them, calcinate them again, remove them, and dry them.Grind into detail.

(100 kg per magnet, 50-60 kg with vinegar twice) “Materia Medica Yanyi”: “Magnets must be burned with red vinegar and quenched.

“Research”: From “Shen Nong’s Compendium of Materia Medica”; ① “Lei Gong Pao Ting Lun”: “Do not misuse Xuan Zhongshi and Zhong Ma Shi. These two stones are really similar to magnets, but they must not absorb iron., Rough, is also iron mountain stone, mistakenly made people sick and sores are incurable.

A piece of magnet that attracts a pound of iron on all sides is called Yanniansha, which attracts eight of the iron on all sides. It is called continuous quarrying, and those who attract five or two on all sides are magnets.

“②” Do not record “:” Magnets, Taishan River Valley and Cishan.

Shanyin’s rich place is born of its yang.


“③ Tao Hongjing:” Magnets are also found in the south today.

The better one is to be able to suspend the suction needle for three, four or five.

“④” The Sketch of this Sketch “:” Magnets are present in the mountains of Cizhou, Xuzhou, and the South China Sea, and those who are in Ci (Cizhou) are the best.

It can suck iron with dozens of needles, or one or two catty knives. It is especially true for those who do not fall.

There are holes in the stone, yellow red in the holes, fine hair on it, warm nature, and better function.

“⑤ Materia Medica Yanyi”: “The magnet is light purple, and the stone is astringent.”

Its black stone, that is, the black one of the magnet, is more slippery and clean, and its body is almost the same, and it can not be separated into two.

[Identification of raw medicinal materials]: It is an irregular block, with many corners and different sizes.

The surface is iron-black to tan, opaque, and has a metal-like luster; some are matte or covered with a small amount of brown powder; some are rough and have a needle-like precipitate; some contain yellow or other color impurities.

Weight, hard quality, difficult to break, uneven section.

Soily smell.

Live magnets have the ability to attract iron.

Dead magnets do not have the ability to attract iron, and the color is reddish brown, usually offset, discrete and easy to break.

Black, shiny, strong iron absorption is better.

After heating at 48 ° C, the magnetism suddenly disappeared, and then recovered after cooling.

Does not degrade water and nitric acid.

Melt concentrated hydrochloric acid, the solution is orange-yellow, and the solution shows various special reactions of iron compounds.

Microscopic identification: Black opaque in magnetite flakes.

Under the reflective polarizer, it is steel gray with metallic luster; some reflection colors are grayish brown and brown.

Hematite is often accounted for along the grain.

Under conventional polarizers: for homogeneity.

The reflectivity is 20% (volt yellow).

  [Chemical composition of traditional Chinese medicine]: Ferric tetroxide (Fe3O4).

It contains FeO31% and Fe2O369%.

In addition, a few variants contain MgO (10%) and Al2O3 (15%).

The products sold in Beijing still contain Mn ++, Ca ++, SiO3 =.

Mainly contains FeO4?

Fe2O3 magnetite), still contains a small amount of elements such as aluminum silicon.

  [Traditional Chinese Medicine Chemical Identification]: Take the powder of this product and substitute 0.

Add 1ml 2ml hydrochloric acid, shake, and let stand.

Take the supernatant and add ammonium thiocyanate test solution.

Some people use X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis to identify and ascertain symbiotic minerals and forging effects.It has also been suggested to use infrared spectroscopy for identification.